- The African elephant has the best sense of smell on the planet.
- They are capable of smelling water from 12 miles (19,31 km) away.
- African elephants can distinguish human languages, genders, age and group humans accordingly in levels for potential danger.
Physique of Elephants
- Largest living land animal.
- Elephants are the only mammals, besides humans, that have chins.
- They are pregnant for 2 years.
- A mouse’s sperm is larger than an elephant’s.
- According to Pennsylvania State University, an elephant’s trunk contains about 100,000 muscles.
- About 100 elephants are being killed each day for their ivory.
- Elephant herds are led by females.
- Female elephants (cows) babysit each other’s calves.
- Elephants form strong bonds with family members and friends.
Psychology of Elephants
- Elephants might be big but they are scared of bees.
- Elephants are one of the only animals that appear to automatically understand pointing; the only other animal that can do this is a dog.
- They can display behaviour patterns similar to post-dramatic stress disorder and depression.
Health and Diet of Elephants
- Adult elephants need up to 300kg (661,387 lbs) of food and 160 Litres (35.1951 Gallons) of water per day.
- They only sleep 2 to 3 hours a day.
- It’s a myth, Elephants don’t like peanuts.
Written by: Tersha van Staden