Kruger National Park

The Elephant – Nothing but a big softie…

Elephant Abilities

  • The African elephant has the best sense of smell on the planet.
  • They are capable of smelling water from 12 miles (19,31 km) away.
  • African elephants can distinguish human languages, genders, age and group humans accordingly in levels for potential danger.

Physique of Elephants

  • Largest living land animal.
  • Elephants are the only mammals, besides humans, that have chins.
  • They are pregnant for 2 years.
  • A mouse’s sperm is larger than an elephant’s.
  • According to Pennsylvania State University, an elephant’s trunk contains about 100,000 muscles.
  • About 100 elephants are being killed each day for their ivory.

Elephant Families

  • Elephant herds are led by females.
  • Female elephants (cows) babysit each other’s calves.
  • Elephants form strong bonds with family members and friends.

Psychology of Elephants

  • Elephants might be big but they are scared of bees.
  • Elephants are one of the only animals that appear to automatically understand pointing; the only other animal that can do this is a dog.
  • They can display behaviour patterns similar to post-dramatic stress disorder and depression.

Health and Diet of Elephants

  • Adult elephants need up to 300kg (661,387 lbs) of food and 160 Litres (35.1951 Gallons) of water per day.
  • They only sleep 2 to 3 hours a day.
  • It’s a myth, Elephants don’t like peanuts.

 

Written by: Tersha van Staden